War in Ukraine could increase world hunger, says UN
An independent UN expert warned on Friday that the conflict in Ukraine could lead to a “global increase in malnutrition and starvation rates”. He said global hunger and starvation rates have increased over the past three years. »
“(…) We now face the threat of impending starvation and starvation in more places around the world,” the UN special rapporteur on the right to food said in a statement. Michael Fakhry.
Ukraine and Russia are two of the world’s top five grain exporters. “According to some estimates, global food security is at stake, as the global agricultural trade involved is worth nearly $1.8 trillion,” the Special Rapporteur said.
Already, the direct effects of the food conflict are beginning to be felt in Egypt, Turkey, Bangladesh and Iran, which buy more than 60% of their wheat from Russia and Ukraine. For their part, Lebanon, Tunisia, Yemen, Libya and Pakistan are highly dependent on these two countries for the supply of wheat.
With world food prices at an all-time high, the World Food Program is also concerned about the impact of the Ukraine crisis on food security around the world, especially in hunger hotspots.
The consequences of the conflict are likely to spread abroad, causing a wave of collateral hunger throughout the world.
As the world’s largest and fourth largest wheat exporters, the Russian Federation and Ukraine are major players in ensuring food security for many countries around the world. “The two countries are responsible for 29% of the world’s wheat trade,” Jacob Kern, WFP’s emergency coordinator for the crisis in Geneva, told a virtual press conference from Geneva.