Mauritania’s 61st anniversary highlights stability and promising economy – Infoforial
Information (The Jakarta Post)
Sat, November 27, 2021
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania, a country located in the northwest of the African continent and on the lands of which the Almoravid State was founded in the 11e century AD, has been known throughout modern history by several names, including “Bilad Chinguetti” and “Moor”. Perhaps from this last name derives its current name “Mauritania” adopted by the modern state, which officially obtained its independence on November 28, 1960.
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania, in its socio-cultural and human composition, is considered as one of the exemplary cases in our world today of peaceful coexistence between various cultures and ethnicities reconciled and tolerant of one another, aware of the demand for political unity and coexistence between the peoples of the same nation. This approach is also adopted by the state as well as political and social elites. His Excellency the President of the Republic, Mr. Mohamed Ould Cheikh Al-Ghazouani, since he took the reins of power following fair and transparent presidential elections, has exercised his presidential powers in an atmosphere of harmony and of general tranquility. He opened the doors of his cabinet to political and social actors in order to reach a national consensus on central issues, and to establish the national consensus process. Not long ago, preliminary meetings started for comprehensive consultations which will address all national issues without exception.
The State adopts a pluralist democratic system, in which the President of the Republic and the representatives of the people in the National Assembly, the municipal and regional councils are elected by direct universal suffrage. Women occupy a special place in all decision-making positions, as the law guarantees them a mandatory percentage of appointments, as well as a special list for women. Mauritanian women are strongly present alongside men in all departments without discrimination.
Mauritania, like other countries in the world, is affected by the events and developments that surround it. The phenomena of terrorism, extremism and cross-border crime are among the most important challenges facing our world today, and the country has taken early steps to address these phenomena alien to our society and to our values. These measures consist in particular in discussing with young people to convince them to give up terrorism and to integrate them into an active life. Thanks to this strategy, Mauritania now enjoys security and stability.
Mauritania is unique in a distinguished geostrategic situation, as it constitutes a meeting point and a transit bridge between Africa, the north and the south of the Sahara, and a station on the maritime lines between the Middle East and the West Africa. The Mauritanian government was convinced of the country’s ability to create a global economic renaissance that took into account the ingredients available from a strategic location and the abundance and diversity of natural resources, so the responsible authorities began to work. with my enlarged priority program, as a strategic development vision that takes into account the challenges linked to the diversification of the economy, the development of resources, the sustainable management of wealth and the promotion of growth creating more opportunities for ‘jobs. It also places particular emphasis on the private sector, which is perceived as an engine of development and an effective factor in the creation of wealth and employment centers. The investment law has been reviewed and changes have been made to the law establishing the free zone in the economic capital Nouadhibou with the aim of stimulating investment opportunities, and the trade law has also been revised in order to provide more guarantees to private investors.
HE Houssein Sidi Abdellah DEH, Ambassador of the Republic of Mauritania in the Republic of Indonesia. (Courtesy of the Embassy of Mauritania /.)
On the basis of these reviews, Mauritania hopes to attract more foreign direct investment in sectors with high added value, such as: working on the development and exploitation of the natural gas field “Panda” in Horizon 2023 and s’ move towards the production of green hydrogen as an alternative and sustainable source of clean energy; Minerals include the mineral wealth of Mauritanian lands (iron, gold, copper, phosphates, gypsum, sand, salt, quartz, diamonds, chromium, manganese, lead, platinum group elements, rare earths, black soil); Sea fishing – The Mauritanian coasts are among the richest in the world with around 1.8 million tonnes that can be fished each year without disturbing the biological balance of the stock; Agriculture – Arable land in Mauritania is estimated at over 500,000 hectares, of which 140,000 are irrigable on the Mauritanian side of the Senegal River; Livestock – Livestock in the country are estimated at over 29.5 million head; and Tourism – the country has enormous tourism potential which offers promising investment opportunities, such as the archaeological towns classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Chinguetti, Ouadne, Chet and Latta), which witness annual festivals that have become a pilgrimage for a large number of tourists, and oases of palm trees in the state of Adrar, and in addition to the clean Atlantic coast, its pleasant climate, its panoramic views and its nature reserves (Cape White, Argin basin and Dioling ), the Arguin basin includes an archipelago of islands on the Atlantic coast.
In order to strengthen the existing fraternal links between Mauritania and Indonesia and as part of a forward-looking vision, Mauritania took the initiative in 2019 to open an embassy in Jakarta to strengthen bilateral cooperation relations between two countries. brothers who share common characteristics and values. , and are active members of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement, in addition to many other international organizations.