Is it time to institutionalize democracy in Afghanistan?
May 28, 2021
In recent centuries, even before the end of the monarchy and the advent of some kind of democracy in Afghanistan, what seriously compromised the stability and state-building in the country is the lack of mechanisms for the peaceful transfer of power.
However, at this crucial moment in history, if the Afghans succeed in institutionalizing democracy in a real sense and adhere to the principle of the peaceful transfer of power, the era of peace and stability would not remain too far away.
Recognizing the geostrategic situation of the landlocked country often caught in the midst of rival world powers, the internal perils of peace must be explored from a historical perspective.
Bitter rivalries between heirs to power, as well as aspiring leaders and groups, have more than once undermined the fundamental foundations of the state in Afghanistan throughout its turbulent history.
Turning a blind eye to this pressing issue would likely perpetuate the repetition of this vicious cycle of death and destruction. This is not an academic matter of limited interest, but an urgent need at the present time, when Taliban insurgents and various functional groups and parties zealously seek ways to seize power regardless of the means. , the consequences and, above all, the will of the Afghan people.
As a country synonymous with security risks and socio-political challenges, Afghanistan can welcome these moments with responsibility and dignity in order to save future generations from the evils of war.
Having held several historic presidential polls in a relatively peaceful environment (by Afghanistan’s standards), the country has faced many difficult phases over the past two decades that any fledgling democracy would face; this, however, does not legitimize a bloody bulldozer of the entire government structure.
For the Afghan political elite and insurgent leaders, as well as regional actors, it is high time to show responsible maturity and let the culture of peaceful transfer of power become the norm here.
Let us not forget that being a frontline state in the struggle between the forces of the so-called “ free world ” and the perceived evil forces of communism, in the 1980s, Afghanistan has now practically become the Frontline state in the global fight against extremism and terrorism.
Therefore, given the fragility of the Afghan state, escaping moral responsibility is also not an option for an international community that has already invested generously here.
Picture: Peoples of Central Asia